This is what is known about coronavirus
The Coronavirus causes confusion in which the confused with the Nabeul, the scientific truth is lost in the circulation of a huge amount of inaccurate information. On this topic, we summarize the latest scientific research and evaluation of experts and health authorities in Germany.
– How dangerous is Coronavirus?
– What is the true ability of the virus to kill?
– What is the strength of the epidemic virus and thus its ability to spread?
– The scientific definition of a person in contact with an infected person
– Can the virus be infected again?
– How long are the infection and the onset of symptoms?
– Who are the most vulnerable people?
– Are there antivirals?
– When will the emerging antivirus vaccine be released?
– What will happen to the Coronavirus when the weather gets warmer?
– What is the ability of the virus to remain on the surfaces?
– Can the infection be transmitted to domestic pets?
– Recommendations of the German Ministry of Health for the prevention of the virus
How dangerous is Coronavirus?
The Robert Koch Institute described the emerging danger of the Coronavirus to the health of Germans as “moderate.” The reason for this is because the course of the disease is often normal and does not take severe forms. However, it is different for the elderly or people suffering from previous diseases. In this case, the disease can take on severe forms that may sometimes result in death.
What is the true ability of the virus to kill?
In fact, researchers have not yet been able to accurately estimate the ability of the deadly virus. Robert Koch Institute assumes that 2 percent of every 100 infected people die from the virus. In the epicenter of the first epidemic (Hubei Province, China), the Chinese authorities indicated 2.9 percent, but many German experts consider this figure to be overrated. The reason is that statistics often do not take into account people with little or no symptoms. Thus, the media-circulating ratio of critical cases that lead to death is exaggerated. The German virologist Christian Drosten considers that the actual percentage is less than 0.7 percent. However, reliable and definitive numbers will only be available in a few months.
What is the epidemiological strength of the virus and its ability to spread?
The emerging coronavirus has the ability to reproduce in the upper respiratory tract, a fact that has made researchers raise the degree of their ability to infection and spread, contrary to what they initially believed. According to current studies, every person can transmit the infection to other people at a rate of 2 to 4.5 percent. Christian Drusten believes that five to ten percent of people who have contact with an infected person is infected. Consequently, the emerging coronavirus is 10 to 20 times more infected, compared to the SARS virus that caused a global epidemic between 2002/2003.
Transmission – the scientific definition of a person who has been in contact with an infected person
According to the Robert Koch Institute, any person who, within at least 15 minutes, who is near an infected person, is considered to be a person who is in contact with an infected person. Experts believe that about 60 percent of the total population could theoretically be infected with the new Coronavirus, and only then will a sufficient number of people be immune to the new virus. Because once you get it first, it is usually not possible to catch it again. 60 percent is a theoretical proportion in which a sufficient number of people enjoy immunity. Only then will the new virus be able to continue spreading. According to Patrick Seinfeld, the science editor for the German media network SWR, that the scenario of hitting 60 percent of the population may be realistic.
Can the virus be infected again?
After infection with the virus for the first time, the immune system can interact more quickly with the second infection and form the appropriate antibodies. Thus, in principle, the virus cannot be infected again. But if the virus mutates too much, it can be infected again. Influenza viruses are constantly changing and changing, so new vaccines must be developed every year.
How long are the injury and the onset of symptoms?
If someone is infected with the new virus, the first symptoms usually appear after five to six days, according to the World Health Organization. However, there are individual cases, in which the incubation period of the virus can last for up to 14 days. Therefore, people with suspected quarantine should be placed for up to two weeks.
Who are the people most at risk?
Figures in China show that older adults are more likely to die from the virus. Scientists have studied and evaluated nearly 1,000 deaths, showing that people over 60 are particularly at risk. However, this fact should be taken with caution, as it may be a matter of high probability, of the histories of those involved, according to the World Health Organization. These include, in the first place, high blood pressure, heart and lung disease, cancer or diabetes. This may be one of the reasons behind the deaths in China among those over 60 years old. The study also showed that men are now more vulnerable to the virus than women.
According to the World Health Organization, children were infected, except in limited cases, with the new virus. The reason for this is still vague, although some doctors assume that the Coronavirus is less able to bind to certain receptors in children.
Are there anti-retroviral drugs?
To date, there is no effective drug against the virus, many people have mild symptoms (about 80 percent of the cases reported) and they do not need treatment at all. According to the first study from China, only less than five percent of cases can be described as critical. Here, symptoms of the disease can be alleviated, but there is still no drug that will completely eliminate it.
When will the emerging anti-virus vaccine be released?
Researchers are working in full swing around the world to develop a vaccine against the virus. However, it is almost certain that there will be no vaccine available to everyone before the end of this year. In Germany, several research laboratories have rushed time in Marburg, Munich, and Tubingen to develop an anti-virus vaccine. So far, there are no studies that have reached the clinical stage. This means that no one is currently experimenting with humans. But experiments are limited to animals only.
What happens to the Coronavirus in warm or hot weather?
It is still too early to know how the Coronavirus interacts with hot weather, and if known, from other coronaviruses, it spreads very slowly in warm environments. It is believed that the cause lies in the ultraviolet rays that are stronger in the warmer months that reduce the duration of viruses in the air or on surfaces, where many fluids are lost and die. In general, it can be assumed that hot weather may result in fewer HIV infections.
What is the ability of the virus to survive on surfaces?
We still lack the accuracy to determine how long the Coronavirus remains alive on different surfaces. But we know that coronaviruses are covered. Experts, therefore, assume that the virus is able to survive and infectious for four days on various surfaces. The Robert Koch Institute believes that the primary transmission method is through the respiratory system. Thus infection is unlikely, for example, by imported goods such as food, toys, gadgets, computers, etc.
Can the infection spread to domestic pets?
The new Coronavirus is believed to be from the bat and is therefore primarily able to survive and thrive in the internal organs of animals. The transmission of the virus from humans to pets has not yet been established. There is only one unconfirmed case in South Korea.
German Ministry of Health recommendations for virus prevention:
- Wash your hands regularly and carefully
- Coughing and sneezing in the armpit by raising the arm.
- Keep away from patients
- Throw the tissue immediately after use, in a closed waste bin